This text is adapted and translated from the German article “Der Gold-Standard für das vielleicht unterschätzteste Format: Präsentationsfolien als OER”, by Lambert Heller, Jöran Muuß-Merholz und Nele Hirsch for OERinfo – Informationsstelle OER, licenced under a CC BY 4.0 licence.
Hello and welcome to the sixth issue of “Mini OER Learning Snacks”!
This week, we will talk about presentation formats and tools for OER. The goal of a presentation as OER is to enable anyone to easily access, make change, and share it, all the while ensuring certain aesthetic standards. These are things that we should avoid when creating presentations as OER:
- The file type is closed, meaning that it is difficult to make changes to the presentation, e.g. PDFs, IMGs, PNGs
- There are licence references, but these cannot be clearly assigned to specific content. For example, on the first or last slide a licence is simply mentioned, but it is not clear what exactly it refers to.
An example of a clear licence reference is: “The slide set as a whole and its texts are licensed as a complete work. Individual elements such as graphics, illustrations etc. are licensed independently.”
- Using a licence whose conditions make editing impossible (e.g. CC BY-ND) or set high hurdles (e.g. CC BY-SA).
There are different programmes and associated file formats for creating and editing slide sets, each with their own advantages and disadvantages in terms of openness. Some tools are presented below as examples:
- Microsoft Office (.pptx)
- PowerPoint is the de facto standard for slides.
- Other programmes can also open the .pptx format.
- Con: Formally, the .pptx format does not meet the highest standards of openness. For smooth subsequent use, Microsoft products are needed.
- Libre Office (.odp)
- The .odp format is one of the open source OpenDocument standards for office documents.
- For subsequent use, one is not bound to specific manufacturers.
- Con: In practice, many users have no experience with the format.
- Google Slides
- No separate software installation is necessary due to the use in the browser.
- Slide sets can be easily copied and additionally exported in various formats.
- Con: Google Slides itself is not an open source / freely licensed tool.
- Pro: A tool optimised for openness and sharing.
- The use of SlideWiki requires a certain amount of training or adjustment.
- The usability is not optimal.
Another possibility is to create a presentation with the H5P content type ‘presentation’: https://h5p.org/presentation
Or you can write your presentation in markdown with the tool https://hackmd.io
Here are some examples of good presentations as OER:
- Google Slides: PowerPoint für OER! Folien als unterschätztes Format für Open Educational Resources (in German)
- HackMD: OER Tools
- H5P presentation
Our question this week: Which tools do you use for your presentations in general? Which tools would you use if you were to create a presentation as an OER? Do you now have a clear understanding of what you should and shouldn’t do when creating a presentation as OER?
As usual, an archive of the Mini OER Learning Snacks can be found here on our blog.
Phuong & Nele